10 avril 2021

On May 28, 2010, amendments to the Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement Act came into effect. These amendments include an overlapping agreement reached in November 2005 between the Labrador Inuit and the Inuit Nunavik (Quebec), who dissolved their rights to overlapping land in northern Labrador and offshore areas, alongside the Labrador of northern and northern Quebec. [1] Nunatsiavut Government v. Newfoundland and Labrador, 2020 NLSC 129. The quebec Inuit-Inuit overlap agreement was included in the Nonavik Inuit Land Claims Agreement in 2008. The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador is not a party to the duplication agreement or the Nunavik Inuit Land Claims Agreement. The reasons for this omission are not clear. Federal and provincial politicians have publicly argued that extending the Indian Act to the new province would deprive the Aboriginal population – before Confederation, Newfoundland and Labrador granted the same status to all residents; Under the Indian Act, Aboriginal people would lose their right to vote. 3. A person whose interests have been extinguished under paragraph 2 does not bring an action against or enforce that application at the end of one year of the time this Act comes into force. The nunatsiavut government filed a petition in 2016. Negotiations on land requirements with the Innu Nation are still ongoing.

There are about 1,700 Innu in Sheshatshiu and 900 Mushuau Innu in Natuashish. Before the 1960s, they lived a nomadic existence in Caribu in the interior of the Labrador-Quebec peninsula. The two (2) communities are different from each other, their inhabitants were once known as Montagnais and Naskapi, but they share a political organization, the Innu Nation, which represents them in land claims and other negotiations. The land claim area is known as Nunatsiavut, which means « Our beautiful country » in Inuktitut, and consists of 72,520 km2 of land in the northern labrador and 48,690 km2 of sea. Of this total, Inuit own 15,800 square kilometres of land and have special penal, marine and land rights in other areas. The agreement also provided for the establishment of the Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve within the residential area. When Newfoundland and Labrador joined Canada in 1949, both governments decided not to extend the law to the Aboriginal population of the new province. Moreover, the Union`s conditions did not even mention Aboriginal people, despite recommendations from National Convention delegates that the Canadian government would assume full responsibility for providing social services to Aboriginal Newfoundlanders and Labradors, as has been the case for similar groups across the country. Whatever the reasons for Newfoundland and Labrador`s accession to Canada in 1949, the province continued to administer Aboriginal people, with the federal government providing various subsidies to pay for Labrador services.

However, under this plan, federal funds have been made available to all residents of eligible Labrador communities, not the Aboriginal population. In 1935, the Government Commission established the Newfoundland Ranger Force to water remote and rural areas, including Labrador. In addition to the enforcement of game laws and other laws, rangers distributed state aid and served as a link between residents and government officials. The arrival of the Rangers was welcomed by many Labradorians – fur prices collapsed during the Great Depression and the need for help was immense. The Inuit is thus privileged or agreed, within the meaning of the agreement under paragraph (a) or Innu within the meaning of the agreement covered in paragraph (b), which is available to the training, employment and conclusion of the contract, notwithstanding that law.

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