15 octobre 2021

Loevy makes a similar point regarding sections 4 to 8 of the agreement, pointing out that the British and French practice « Ottoman colonial development as insiders » and that this experience served as a roadmap for subsequent war negotiations. [51] while Khalidi examines the negotiations between Britain and France in 1913 and 1914 on the homs-Baghdad railway and their agreements with Germany in other regions as a « clear basis » for their subsequent spheres of influence under the agreement. [52] On September 18, Faisal arrived in London and the next day and on September 23, he had long meetings with Lloyd George, who explained the aide-memoire and the British position. Lloyd George said he was « in the position of a man who had inherited two groups of obligations, those to King Hussein and those to the French, » Faisal noted that the agreement « appeared to be based on the 1916 agreement between the British and the French. » Clemenceau, who responded in reference to the aide-memoire, refused to sue Syria, saying the case should be left to the French to speak directly with Faisal. The Sykes-Picot Agreement (officially the Asia Minor Agreement of 1916) was a secret agreement made during World War I between the British and French governments on the division of the Ottoman Empire between the Allied powers. Russia was also aware of the talks. « We don`t know the fate of the people in this region, » Salih, a former Iraqi deputy prime minister, told me this week. « But of course, this time – unlike a hundred years ago, when Mr. Sykes and Mr. Picot drew the lines in the sand – the inhabitants of the area will have a lot to do with the formation of the new order.

The problem for them and the outside world is that they only know what they don`t want. They have not yet understood which political systems – and which borders – will work. After the outbreak of war in the summer of 1914, the Allies – Britain, France and Russia – had many discussions about the future of the Ottoman Empire, which is now fighting alongside Germany and the Central Powers and its vast expanse in the Middle East, Arabia and Central and Southern Europe. In March 1915, Britain signed a secret agreement with Russia, whose plans on the territory of the Empire had led the Turks to merge with Germany and Austria-Hungary in 1914. Russia would annex the Ottoman capital Constantinople and retain control of the Dardanelles (the extremely important strait that connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean) and the Gallipoli Peninsula, which began in April 1915. In return, Russia would accept British claims to other parts of the former Ottoman Empire and central Persia, including the oil-rich region of Mesopotamia. .

Category: Non classé